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Classroom Rights and Responsibilities

A few summers ago, I was starting a new grade level (5th) in a new district and spent a lot of time on Pinterest looking for some fun ideas for my fresh start.  I decided to dig deeper into classroom rights and responsibilities and logical consequences.  I figured that 5th graders would value being part of the process of establishing our norms, and, honestly, I wanted their insight. I was new to 5th graders and how they worked!

The process of creating these rights and responsibilities has been one of my favorite discussions with my class over the last couple of years.  For students, thinking about what they want their rights to be is more powerful that just coming up with the standard class rules - be respectful, take turns, etc. Also, having this discussion at the beginning of the year gives me good insight about what the "personality" of my class is and what is important to them.

two signs that explain rights and responsibilities

I start the activity by giving students a definition of "right" and "responsibility" and we brainstorm a quick list of rights and responsibilities they can think of that they have in their life.  I usually start with a few examples, like they have the right to go to lunch every day, and the responsibility to get up and get ready in the morning.  This quick step provides the foundation for the rest of the activity.

rights and responsibilities sort

Next I have the students work with a partner to sort phrases into "rights" and "responsibilities" categories.  Some are obvious, but others are natural discussion starters.  Students innately assume they're supposed to glue the slips down, so I make sure they know to leave them unglued so they can change their minds if they want to.  This is a great place to use a Kagan Structure like Rally Coach or Sage N Scribe (well, Sage N Sort, really!) to make sure that both partners are getting the chance to share their thinking.

lists of rights and responsibilities on board

Then we come together as a class to make a class list of rights and responsibilities.  Definitely set aside plenty of board space for this! :) This is where things always get interesting! There's always something that some students think is a right, while some think is a responsibility.  I love hearing them explain their thoughts.  (Meanwhile, I'm creating the slightly crazy lists/arrows you see in the picture above!)

One thing that's been interesting to me is that every year there have been things that I added to the list intending them to be rights, but students strongly felt they were responsibilities, or vice versa.  One of those this past year was "learn new things".  I included it thinking students have the right to learn new things without classmates getting in the way of that.  My class wholeheartedly believed that is was their responsibility to learn.  Another one that has gone the opposite of what I expected was "ask for help", which I thought was a responsibility".  Honestly, there's no right answer, and things can be on different lists from year to year.  It's all about what each unique group of students thinks is important.

You can see on the lists above that there are arrows and stars.  The arrows just show which rights and responsibilities go together.  The stars are the ones that we as a class decided were the most important.  I mostly let the class choose, but if I had one or two that I really wanted on the list, I made sure those made it on there.

I love this part because you get to see what awesome little people your students are. Both of the years that I've done this, my students have chosen "be different" and "have your own opinion" as two of our rights for the year.  I just love that.

lists of classroom rights and responsibilities

Once we've come up with the rights and responsibilities that are important to us, we make posters to hang on the wall.  I've always used two pieces of chart paper, but it would be really easy to flip the page sideways and just use one.

Note: My school is a PBIS school, and we have the acronym SOAR for our schoolwide behavior expectations.  Using  sticky notes labeled "S", "O", "A", and "R", we matched the school norms to our responsibilities.  You could easily do with with any acronym or anything else that many be in place schoolwide.

connecting rights and responsibilities

The last thing I do is have students work on their own to connect the rights and responsibilities and put them in their own words.  This will help them really think about what the rights and responsibilities are going to look like in the classroom. I have students keep these so that they can be referred to throughout the year.

I use these rights and responsibilities along with logical consequences in my classroom, but the great thing is that they can fit into any classroom management system that you have!

If you're interested in trying out rights and responsibilities with your class click {HERE} or on the picture below.

 Classroom Rights and Responsibilities

Mentor Text for Descriptive Writing

Nothing is more fun for me as a writing teacher than getting to use mentor texts with my students.  I wholeheartedly believe that authors can teach my students so much about the craft of writing.  I've got a shelf of books that I love to use as mentor texts, but one of my favorites is All the Places to Love, by Patricia MacLachlan.  It's a beautiful story of a boy describing each of his family member's favorite places on their farm.  The detail in both the pictures and text is fabulous!  

pages of All the Places to Love picture book

All the Places to Love is a perfect mentor text for practicing descriptive writing, paragraph structure, and the writing process.  It's great at the beginning of the school year, but can be a valuable week-long writing task any time of the year.  

First I have students think of a place that is special to them.  Here's a tip - I've found it works best to describe the place as "special" instead of "favorite" -- kids do a much better job writing about a place that is close to their heart than why __________ is their favorite restaurant!

descriptive writing planning pages

We then go through the standard writing process.  I've included the "Places to Love" resource that I use with my students at the bottom of this post, but you can also use any structure or routines that you currently use with your students during writing.  

descriptive writing planning pages

A lot of descriptive writing focuses on sensory details, and there are definitely some of those in this book.  But All the Places to Love has tons of examples of how to use prepositional phrases to describe a place.  The page below shows just a few.  Challenge your students to use a few prepositional phrases in their descriptive paragraphs. 

prepositional phrase examples

MacLachlan also weaves similes beautifully into the book.  This is another minilesson you can use with your students.  Reread the book to your class and have them give you a thumbs up every time they hear a simile.  Then encourage them to include at least one simile in their writing. 

simile examples

Now you can choose whether to have your students hand write or type their paragraphs. I let my students create a full page illustration using colored pencils (to add more details than you get with marker!)  There are a few different publishing options in the packet I've included below. 

examples of student work

We chose one of the pictures to serve as our cover, and then I scanned it into my computer and typed a title in a text box.  I bound the pages together, and we had our first class book of the year.  So easy! 

If you'd like to get your own copy of the writing resource I use with my students, just click the picture below for your free copy! 
All the Places to Love class book

If you don't have All the Places to Love in your classroom library, good news!  I'm raffling off a copy of the book to give to one lucky winner.  Just enter through the Rafflecopter below!  I'll be picking a winner on 3/4/19!

a Rafflecopter giveaway

I've also teamed up with an amazing group of teachers who are sharing ideas about using mentor texts to inspire writers.  Make sure to visit their blogs to get some great ideas - and freebies! 

7 Tips for Teaching a Big Class

At the beginning of last school year, I was excited to be teaching a new grade at a new school in a new district.  I had made a big change, and it was just what I needed.  To add to all of the "new", I was starting the year with 30 students.  Thirty is definitely on the big size as it is, but we all know that new kids trickle in over the course of most school years...and last year was no different!

7 Tips for Teaching a Big Class

By the time the school year was over, I was sharing my classroom with 34 awesome 5th graders.  We all learned a lot, grew a lot, and had a pretty good time while doing it! It was definitely a learning process for me, and hopefully I can share some of what I learned to make your year better for you!

Notebooks that say smile and amazing

1. You've Got to Embrace It

Here's the thing, your class size is your class size whether you like it or not, so you've got to embrace it.  It's going to be crazy.  It may get chaotic.  It's going to be crowded.  But your attitude will be a major determining factor in the kind of year you and your students have.  Now, I'm not saying that my teammates and I didn't take time to vent about the added challenge we were facing; we're only human!  But throughout the year, I'd joke "I'm mentally preparing for how I'm going to respond when [my principal] comes to tell me that I'm getting my 33rd/34th/35th student."  You may have to "fake it till you make it" but having the most positive attitude you can will go a long way. 

Student chairs lined up in a row

2. Room Arrangement 

While I'd wrapped my brain around having a big bunch of kids, I was having a harder time figuring out how all those desks were going to work in my smallish classroom.  That might have been the part that was the most stressful for me.  Luckily, my students were OK with all the experimenting I did while trying to figure out the best room configuration for us.  I want to share with you guys some of things that worked for me.

  • Push groups of desks together.  I started the year with 8 teams of 4 since my district is a big believer in Kagan cooperative learning.  That meant that there were teams and desks wall-to-wall.  Then I decided to push the teams together so desks were in groups of 8-9.  This made a HUGE difference.  Kids were still in their teams of 4-5, but we gained a LOT of floor space which made it easier to move around. 
  • Find a way to give kids space to spread out.  One thing I noticed as the year went on was that we were so packed in there that kids didn't have a lot of personal space and I could see levels of grumpiness increasing because of that. I let them work at my small group table, in a quiet spot on the floor, etc.  You have to get a little creative, but your students will thank you if they have a place to momentarily "escape".
  • Get rid of your desk.  It's surprising how much extra space this will give you.  Use your small group table as your "headquarters". 
  • Give flexible seating a shot.  When I got my 34th student, I knew that I could either fit 34 desks into my classroom or keep my sanity.  I couldn't do both.  I'd used flexible seating at my old school, but was trying to not rock the boat too much at my new school.  I reached out to my principal and told her I'd like to try some flexible seating. I know not everybody is ready to jump into flexible seating, but here are a few things you could try. 
    • Sweet talk you custodian like I did and see if any tables are available.  They take up a lot less room than desks. 
    • Take the legs of a table and have a low table.  It doesn't technically give you more space, but the room will feel more open.
    • You can get rid of a handful of desks and provide some floor seating options like pillows, stadium chairs, or rocker seats.  These all can get tucked away nicely at the end of the day. 
    • Move to community supplies and if you don't have cubbies, etc., provide bins (they can be cheap!) for your kids to keep their personal supplies in. 

cup of dry erase markers

3. Have your students help!

One thing that every teacher deals with is having about a million things at a time running through their head.  Having a large class can make that even worse.  There are just SO MANY moving pieces. And teachers (including me) often have a hard time delegating responsibilities.  At one point, it really hit me - "There are 34 people in this room who are not me.  How can they help me more?"  I know that I am lucky in that I teach 5th graders who are pretty capable of having different responsibilities in the classroom, but I think that students at any age can do a lot more in the classroom than they may be doing.  And I found that having students help with the little things honestly freed up some much needed space in my brain as well as making the classroom run more smoothly. Plus, kids of all ages LOVE having jobs to do!

Here are some of the little "tasks" I had students help me out with:
  • Changing the date on the board
  • Being in charge of taking our library cards to/from the library
  • Putting homework in student mailboxes
  • Grabbing my walkie-talkie at recess time
  • Turning on and/or connecting the projector when we were going to use it (I've got kind of a clunky set up)
  • Taking tardy passes down to the office on the way to lunch or recess (without me asking!)

school supplies scissors and markers

4.  Delegate

I know we're not all lucky enough to have parent or other volunteers, but if you do, USE THEM! It took me a while to get into the swing of the best ways to use volunteers, but I found that using them to both work with students and help me out with tasks was the best combination. 
  • I've always had parents who can't come in to help because of work, but say they could help at home.  In the past, I never used them much, but once I realized that I could send laminating home to be cut or booklets to be stapled, those parents became a great resource. 
  • Even if students were playing a math game or something like that and were fine working on their own, I'd ask a parent volunteer to take them into the hallway or another common area to work just to free up a little space in the classroom.
  • Let go of the perfectionism and have volunteers hang up bulletin boards or classroom displays.  If it's not perfect, I promise you're the only one who will notice.
  • Get in the habit of asking yourself, "Could somebody else do this?" and if the answer is yes, and you have someone that can do it, let them.  That frees up more time for you to do the things only you can do like planning and grading. 

red pen and a graded essay

5. Don't grade it all!

It's hard to ignore the fact that you've got a big class when you have a giant stack of papers to grade sitting in front of you. Thirty plus math tests, essays, reading assessments, etc. is a LOT.  One of my good friends is also a 5th grade teacher in my district and she only had 19 kids.  I spent way to much time lamenting the fact that I had 15 more math tests to grade than she did! Grading those summative assessments is unavoidable, but really think about what else you need to grade.  Do you need to take the time to look over 30+ homework assignments, or could you review them with the whole class?  Do you need to grade every piece of classwork or can you quickly scan through it to use as a formative assessment?  Can you give a short exit ticket at the end of class and not have to review entire pages of math to see if your students got the concept?  This is one area where you can really save yourself some time and sanity. 

student at a desk

6. Make time for every student

One thing I found was that when you have so many kids in your class, it can be really easy to unintentionally let some kids slip through the cracks during the day.  So I made a point to be at my door in the morning to greet everyone (while I let the students take on some of those beginning of the day tasks I mentioned above).  All of my students have numbers, and those numbers are on popsicle sticks to make sure everyone is getting called on during the day, but I'd also write a few kids' names on sticky notes and stick them on my cart or my projector.  That may make me sound like some kind of absent-minded professor, but if you've had a big class you know that it's easier than it should be for kids to "hide" when there are a lot of classmates around.

I also did"lunch with the teacher" for small groups at the beginning of the year just for a chance to get to get to know all of my students a little in a smaller setting.  Then it was a popular reward/incentive for the rest of the year - I think we all enjoyed spending time together with a little less chaos.  Whatever system or structure you use, make sure you are intentional about making every student feel like they are seen and heard - even if you have to leave sticky notes for yourself! :)

routines and procedures

7. Routines & Procedures

I know that I'm not telling you anything new when I say it's important to have routines and procedures set up to make things run smoothly in your classroom.  We all know that.  But with 34 students in the room, I found that I had to run the ship a little tighter than usual.  Normally turning your homework in when you come in in the morning is a simple process, but have you ever watched 3 dozen kids try to turn their homework in at once? Gets a little crazy.   I added a second homework turn in location, and then gave a student the job of collecting both piles.  (See Tip #3!) We ended up having to form two lines when lining up after lunch or recess because it's hard to get an orderly line when you have students waaaaaaay back at the end of the line. 

Each classroom is (obviously) different and those are just examples of two things I put into place last year to help me manage all my students and keep my sanity!  I encourage you to think about ways you could put a routine into place where maybe things have been a little free flowing?  What's making you the craziest? Can you change a procedure or make a "rule" to help out with that?  It'll help you keep control of the chaos and your students will appreciate the structure, too! 

If there are some behaviors popping up in your students that you'd like to get a handle on before they get too out of control, click here or on the picture below to check out how I use Individual Behavior Goals in my classroom. 

student behavior goal sheets

Do you have a big class this year?  Leave a comment to tell us how many students you have and any tips or tricks I haven't mentioned! 

Iditarod in the Classroom!

Traditionally, February in the classroom means all things Valentine's Day.  But for me, it means my favorite part of the school year... Iditarod time!  This post will fill you in on how to incorporate the Iditarod into your classroom, and plan a unit your students will LOVE!

using Iditarod lessons in the classroom

Year after year, the Iditarod is my students' favorite unit, too.  Whenever I have students come back to visit me, one of the first things they'll ask is, "Do you guys still study the Iditarod?" You better believe it! I think the most appealing part of it is "following" mushers and the competition of the race. Everyone like a good race! 

After we've had some time to learn about Alaska, I share the book Togo with my students.  It's so great.  It tells the story of a dog whose team took part in the 1925 Serum Run to get life saving medicine to Nome where there was a diptheria outbreak.  The book is a great lead in to the history of the Iditarod. 

To provide some more background about the Iditarod and dog sled racing in general, I created a PowerPoint presentation full of information.  This is probably where I get the most bang for my buck in terms of helping my kids understand what the Iditarod is all about.

If you'd like to use the PowerPoint with your students, click on the picture above. 

The real fun begins when students pick the mushers they'll be learning about and following during the race.  I print off a list of mushers from the Iditarod Website and do a drawing for names.  I usually have my students work with a partner, because it seems to be more fun when you have a classmate who's on your "team".  The first thing to do learn about their mushers.

students researching Iditarod mushers

writing letters to Iditarod mushers
You can find resources to use to follow mushers by clicking on the photo above.

Next, it's time to learn more about the rules of the race. Students enjoy "packing" their sled with mandatory items, and getting creative about what they'd bring with them during the race.

Packing your dog sled activity
Click the photo above to check out my other Iditarod Activities.  
Students also create a flag for their musher that they use to keep track of where their musher is during the race.  The kids BEG me to check the website to see where there mushers are during the day, and I've heard from parents they they're checking at home, too.  One parent even admitted to me that she was checking on her daughter's musher while she was at work! (Not gonna lie, I've "picked" the same musher to follow for the past few years, and I may be a little attached.  Go Martin Buser!)

Using this checksheet helps students keep track of where their mushers are. 

When the race is over, students write letters to their mushers.  They are FULL of questions for them.  It's a great way to practice writing with an authentic purpose.  I have students use their home addresses, and they're so excited about the possibility of getting mail at home.  I'd say that ideally about half of the students get letters back.  They love bringing them in to share with their classmates.

Last year the Iditarod Unit was right before our standardized testing.  I realized my students needed more practice answering questions and writing about paired texts, so I created two nonfiction texts and some writing prompts to go along with the Iditarod.  It was perfect, because I could use the excitement and engagement about the Iditarod to get some great writing practice in.  You can check those out {HERE}.

If you've been thinking about using the Iditarod in your classroom, I highly recommend it.  It's something your students will always remember.  You can grab a bundle of all the activities I've mentioned in this post by clicking the picture below!

Multiplication Sundaes!

Memorizing multiplication and division facts is such an important part of 3rd grade Math!  With everything else I do with my students in Math, I aim for higher level thinking, digging deeper, etc. But when it comes to multiplication and division facts, we just need to MEMORIZE!  We use lots of different strategies to help memorize facts, but the best (and most fun) motivation to memorize? Multiplication Sundaes!!!

multiplication sundaes

Each fact (2s, 5s, 10s, etc.) is a part of the sundae.  Students have to pass the quiz to earn that part of the sundae.  We set a date for the Multiplication Sundae party, usually towards the end of the year.  Whatever they've earned on their paper sundae, they get to have in their real sundae!  At first they don't believe that we won't just give everything to everyone, but once they realize I'm not bluffing, they're so excited to start passing those quizzes! 

multiplication fact quizzes

We practice learning the facts in an order that is easiest to trickiest, not numerical order.  For each fact, there are two different quizzes.  After the first test, different students are taking quizzes on different numbers, so I call out each number, and students come to get their quiz. The Quiz A and B options are great when students don't pass their quiz the first time. 

I give them one minute and then all pencils are put away.  To save time and increase ownership, I have students take out markers to correct their tests.  I'll read off the answers for one quiz at a time, and it really does pretty quickly.  By the time I get to the last few answers, it's awesome to see the excitement as students can tell they're about to pass!  We've talked about being sensitive about cheering since not every classmate has passed their test, but it's inevitable for a "Yesss!" to slip out here and there! :)

multiplication sundae tracking page

There are some different ways to display sundaes.  In the past, I've hung everyone's sundae on the wall, which makes for a fun display, and an extra bit of motivation.  However, the way my classroom is set up now, I don't have any wall space that kids can reach.  (My room used to be a middle school science room...I've got counters for days!) I'm thinking of some other options - taped to cabinet doors, maybe? - but for now they keep their sundae in the math section of their Data Binders.  I do like that their parents can see the sundaes weekly and know what facts to help with at home.

multiplication sundae parent letters

I have letters to send home to parents when we start the sundaes explaining the process.  When it's time for the party, I have families sign up to bring in everything we need. Since we do our parties in the spring, it's GREAT to be able to go out to the park next to our school where ice cream drips aren't a big deal. :)  In my Multiplication Sundae packet, there are editable letters to help you organize each step of the process.  

There are tons of options available in this packet.  You can choose if you want your students to memorize fact up to 10 or 12.  There are also division quizzes for every fact, so if you want, you can have your kids pass BOTH multiplication and division before they get the next part of their sundae.